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Positive: What Does My Result Mean?

Positive for a Deleterious Mutation: Overview

If your test result is either "Positive for a Deleterious Mutation" or "Suspected Deleterious":

  • You have a mutation or alteration in either the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene
  • You have hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome
  • HBOC syndrome increases the risk of various cancers, primarily breast and ovarian cancer
  • While the risk of developing these cancers is high, not everyone with HBOC syndrome will develop cancer


Your Cancer Risks


If You Have NOT Had Breast
or Ovarian Cancer:
Mutation Carrier General Population
Breast cancer by age 50 33%-50% 2%
Breast cancer by age 70 56%-87% 7%
Ovarian cancer by age 70 27%-44% <2%
Male breast cancer by age 70 6% .05%
If You HAVE Had Breast
or Ovarian Cancer:
Mutation Carrier General Population
Ovarian cancer 15% not available
Breast cancer after 5 years 27% 3.5%
Breast cancer by age 70 64% 11%
Other Cancer Risks:* Mutation Carrier General Population
Prostate cancer by age 80 20% 15%
Pancreatic cancer by age 80 2%-4% <1%


* Less information is available about the risks of these and other cancers than about breast and ovarian cancers.

On to "Positive: What Should I Do Now?"

"Genetic testing identified a mutation in me, as well as many of my family members. The power of that information allowed me to work with my healthcare providers to take steps to manage my cancer risk"

- Cathy

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